Nepali political parties have recently stepped into a new phase of party building. With the restoration of democracy in 1990, political parties, the Nepali Congress (NC) and the Communist Party of Nepal, Unified Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML) in particular, have undergone a number of distinct transformations: from illegal organizations to legitimate contenders for political power; from movement or underground organizations to open competitive parties: from cadre based to mass based parties; from a small group of people sharing common interests to heterogeneous organizations consisting of people of diverse interests; and, from ideology oriented organizations to power seeking parties. These transformations followed the changes in the parties’ goals and activities and began acquiring new characteristics i.c. growth in size, expansion and diversification of organizational structures and networks, de-ideologization, increase in divisive tendencies, delinking from the mass of the people, erosion in leaders’ popularity and authority, use of state power and resources for parties’ interests, patronage distribution to parties’ clients etc. Some of these new characteristics match with the three important properties of party building-public support, organizational efficiency and functional effectiveness. The whole gamut of party building efforts made by the NC and the CPN-UML in the post-1990 period can be assessed on the basis of four variables-expansion, system, harmony, and dynamism as indicators of the party building process in Nepal.

The postscript deals with the second transformation of the NC and CPN-UML in the changed context of the conflict transformation of the Maoist insurgency (1996-2006), demise of monarchy in 2008 and the promulgation of the new constitution in September 2015.

Additional information

Weight 0.5 kg