The Buddhist Art of Kausambi (From 300 BC to AD 550)
Author: Tripathi, Aruna
One of the major centres of Buddhist art in ancient times, Kaushambi provides evidence of an uninterrupted art tradition spanning centuries. Pointing to the scant attention Kaushambi has received from scholars in the past, this work attempts to highlight its art treasures through a study of its stone sculptures. Based on scrutiny of stone sculptures found at various sites in Kaushambi and its vicinity and housed in different museums, it presents perhaps the first extensive documentation of the Buddhist art of the region from the Mauryan to post-Gupta period. It examines in detail over 300 stone sculptures, paying special attention to their iconographic features, types of stone, techniques of carving, grinding and polishing and their aesthetic appeal. All this comes with a background throwing light on the history of Kaushambi and its association with Buddhism, the early archaeological explorations in the region, and the individuality and uniqueness of Kaushambi art as compared to Mathura and Sarnath schools. The book presents over 225 black-and-white and over 50 coloured photographs of Buddhist sculptures which are neatly classified and systematically analysed. It would prove invaluable to scholars and students of Buddhist art.